# Hideki Tsuiki is back in Swansea

We are glad to welcome Hideki Tsuiki in Swansea again.  This Thursday we really enjoyed his talk on “Imaginary Cubes —  Mathematics, Puzzle, Art and Education”.

Abstract: Imaginary cubes are three-dimensional objects with square projections in three orthogonal ways just as a cube has.   How many different kinds of imaginary cubes can you imagine?  In this talk we  show that there are 16 kinds of minimal convex imaginary cubes which includes regular tetrahedron, cuboctahedron, and two objects that we call H and T.  As we will explain, H and T have a lot of beautiful mathematical properties related to tiling, fractal, and higher-dimensional geometry, and based on these properties, the speaker has designed a puzzle, constructed three-dimensional math-art objects, and used them for educations at various levels from elemental school to graduate schools. In this talk, I will explain mathematics of imaginary cubes and show the activities I have been engaged in.  I will carry a couple of copies of the puzzle and some of the math-art objects so that the audience can enjoy them while I am staying in Swansea.

# 2nd Proof Society Workshop on Proof Theory and its Applications

Following the Summer School, we are really proud to host the 2nd Proof Society Workshop. The workshop was an opportunity to listen to a lot of interesting invited and contributed talks on proof theory and various areas of its application:

Adam Wyner: Computational Law – The Case of Autonomous Vehicles
Yong Cheng: Exploring the incompleteness phenomenon
Matthias Baaz: Towards a Proof Theory for Henkin Quantifiers
Sonia Marin: On cut-elimination for non-wellfounded proofs: the case of PDL
Gilles Dowek: Logical frameworks, reverse mathematics, and formal proofs translation
Benjamin Ralph: What is a combinatorial proof system?
William Stirton: Ordinal assignments correlated with notions of reduction
Oliver Kullmann: Practical proof theory: practical versions of Extended Resolution
Anton Setzer and Ulrich Berger on behalf of Ralph Matthes: Martin Hofmann’s case for non-strictly positive data types – reloaded
Laura Crosilla: Philosophy of mathematics and proof theory
Takako Nemoto: Recursion Theory in Constructive Mathematics
Arno Pauly: Combinatorial principles equivalent to weak induction
Antonina Kolokolova: The proof complexity of reasoning over richer domains
Joost Joosten: The reduction property revisited
Helmut Schwichtenberg: Computational content of proofs

Thanks to all the speaker and participants and we hope to see you all again soon.

# Summer School: Day 4

Congratulations to Iris van der Giessen for winning the best poster competition and special thanks to Andreas Weiermann for the beautiful picture of Wales that serves as our main prize.

Big thanks to all the speakers and the participants for joining our Summer School. We hope to see you again during the future events by the Proof Society.

# Proof Society Summer School

We are very glad to welcome all the participants of the 2nd International Summer School on Proof Theory.

The first day began with a lecture on Universal Proof Theory by Rosalie Iemhoff, followed by Wolfram Pohlers‘ talk on Ordinal Analysis, Bounded Arithmetic lecture from our own Arnold Beckmann, introduction to Proof Mining by Paulo Oliva, Paola Bruscoli’s talk on Structural Proof Theory and Anton Setzer’s lecture on MLTT.

We were lucky with both the lovely weather and the fact that Bay Campus is located right at the seafront, so the evening brought a nice treat for everyone in a form of a BBQ at the beach. Big thanks to Arnold, Faron for their grilling and Ulrich, Rosalie, Monika, Arved, Aled, Anton, Olga and everyone else who helped with the organisation.

# Federico Cerutti visiting

Federico Cerutti from Cardiff University is visiting us this Thursday. He will give a talk on Probabilistic Logic Programming with Beta-Distributed Random Variables.

Abstract: We enable aProbLog—a probabilistic logical programming approach—to reason in presence of uncertain probabilities represented as Beta-distributed random variables. We achieve the same performance of state-of-the-art algorithms for highly specified and engineered domains, while simultaneously we maintain the flexibility offered by aProbLog in handling complex relational domains.
Our motivation is that faithfully capturing the distribution of probabilities is necessary to compute an expected utility for effective decision making under uncertainty: unfortunately, these probability distributions can be highly uncertain due to sparse data. To understand and accurately manipulate such probability distributions we need a well-defined theoretical framework that is provided by the Beta distribution, which specifies a distribution of probabilities representing all the possible values of a probability when the exact value is unknown.

# Philipp Schlicht visiting

Philipp Schlicht is visiting us today from Bristol. He’ll give us an introduction to automatic structures in the theory seminar today (2pm, CoFo 201).

Abstract: Automatic structures were first studied by Khoussainov and Nerode in 1995. I will first give an introduction with a focus on automatic ordinals and groups and then talk about tree-automatic structures. In particular, I will mention some recent partial results with Jain, Khoussainov and Stephan on the isomorphism problem for tree-automatic ordinals.

# Matthew Luckcuck visiting

Today Matthew Luckcuck (Liverpool) is visiting us today. He will give a talk on “Robotics and Integrated Formal Methods: Necessity meets Opportunity“.

Abstract: Robotic systems are multi-dimensional entities, combining both hardware and software, that are heavily dependent on, and influenced by, interactions with the real world. They can be variously categorised as embedded, cyberphysical, real-time, hybrid, adaptive and even autonomous systems, with a typical robotic system being likely to contain all of these aspects. The techniques for developing and verifying each of these system varieties are often quite distinct. This, together with the sheer complexity of robotic systems, leads us to argue that diverse formal techniques must be integrated in order to develop, verify, and provide certification evidence for, robotic systems. Furthermore, we propose the fast evolving field of robotics as an ideal catalyst for the advancement of integrated formal methods research, helping to drive the field in new and exciting directions and shedding light on the development of large-scale, dynamic, complex systems.

# Visits and talks this week

This week we are glad to welcome two visitors here at Swansea, namely Hideki Tsuiki from Kyoto University and Kristijonas Čyra from the Imperial College of London.

Hideki will give a talk on “Infinite Adequacy Theorem through Coinductive Definitions” today at 14:00 as a part of our Theory seminar series and Kristijonas will speak on “Argumentation-enabled Explainable AI Applications” this Thursday at 15:00 at the CoFo.

# A Logical Account of Dishonesty by Martin Caminada

Today Martin Caminada (Cardiff University) is visiting Swansea. He will give a talk about “A Logical Account of Dishonesty” as a part of out Theory seminar series.

Abstract: Although formal logic is usually applied to reason about truth, in the current  resentation we apply it to reason about dishonesty. Based on work in philosophy, we provide a  formalisation of different forms of dishonesty, including lies, half-truth and bullshit, and discuss their formal properties. We also provide maxims for dishonest communication, that agents should ideally try to satisfy, both for moral and self-interested reasons.